What if the economy keeps going?
What if we don’t go into recession?
At times, it has seemed like all the talk over the last few months has been about recession. A June headline on CNN Business encapsulated much of the conventional wisdom we’ve seen in 2019: America’s CFOs are Bracing for a 2020 Recession. The story is based on the Duke University/CFO Global Business Outlook survey, which found that 48.1% of U.S. CFOs expect a recession by the middle of next year, and 69% expect a contraction by the end of the year.
No question that estimates of global growth are trending down. The World Bank expects nominal growth to slow to less than 3%, down from about 6% in 2017 and 2018. Still, 3% growth is not a contraction.
So, what happens if the economy continues to muddle along or, unexpectedly, even sees a modest acceleration of growth?
While it may not be the consensus scenario, it’s at least worth considering as one possibility in a range of outcomes. The U.S. – China trade dispute has loomed large over global markets, dampening sentiment, raising trading costs, and threatening to trigger a recession. But we are entering an election year in the U.S. and no incumbent administration wants to see the economy contract during the run up to the vote. High level talks between the U.S. and China are now scheduled to take place this month (October) in Washington. It is very possible that there will be some sort of resolution to the current dispute and, if it happens, that may be sufficient to keep the expansion going.
Should growth level out – or even accelerate modestly – we may well see a rotation in the sectors favored by the market. Commodities, including grains and metals, might see a pickup in prices, along with oil. Long term yields would reverse their year-long decline and begin to rise. Small cap stocks, which have lagged, would see accelerating earnings growth and, potentially, better relative returns. Europe, and especially its largest economy, Germany, has been especially vulnerable to disruptions in trade. A return to something like normalcy would likely support a restoration of growth there as well.
It’s a truism that unprecedented events occur with some regularity, so it’s often useful to consider low probability outcomes if for no other reason than to be prepared. The current economic expansion is now the longest on record, so it’s not unreasonable to assume that we’re nearer the end than the beginning. On the other hand, the Great Recession that preceded it was itself a rare event, so we remain in uncharted territory when it comes to prognostications. For long-term investors, a strategic allocation to out of favor sectors may be worth a look.
This material represents an assessment of the market environment as at a specific date; is subject to change; and is not intended to be a forecast of future events or a guarantee of future results. This information should not be relied upon by the reader as research or investment advice regarding the funds or any issuer or security in particular.
The strategies discussed are strictly for illustrative and educational purposes and are not a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any securities or to adopt any investment strategy. There is no guarantee that any strategies discussed will be effective.
This material contains general information only and does not take into account an individual’s financial circumstances. This information should not be relied upon as a primary basis for an investment decision. Rather, an assessment should be made as to whether the information is appropriate in individual circumstances and consideration should be given to talking to a financial advisor before making an investment decision.
“New York Life Investments” is both a service mark, and the common trade name, of the investment advisors affiliated with New York Life Insurance Company. IndexIQ® is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of New York Life Investment Management Holdings LLC and serves as the advisor to the IndexIQ ETFs. ALPS Distributors, Inc. (ALPS) is the principal underwriter of the ETFs. NYLIFE Distributors LLC is a distributor of the ETFs. NYLIFE Distributors LLC is located at 30 Hudson Street, Jersey City, NJ 07302. ALPS Distributors, Inc. is not affiliated with NYLIFE Distributors LLC. NYLIFE Distributors LLC is a Member FINRA/SIPC.