Exploiting market inefficiencies with a systematic approach

by: , Director, Product Management, New York Life Investments

Equity market returns have been choppy in recent months, as investors have reacted to mixed economic data, geopolitical events, and the potential for a global trade war. Going forward, what market factors could impact equity returns? Likewise, what opportunities and risks should investors keep an eye on in today’s uncertain market environment? To gain insight we recently spoke with Andrew Ver Planck, CFA, who serves as Portfolio Manager and Head of Systematic Equity at MacKay Shields.

Will the momentum factor continue to dominate?

After strong performance results last year, momentum- and trend-following factors have been the primary driver of global equity returns in 2018. This trend, while dominant within information technology, has also been robust within consumer discretionary, health care, and select areas of the energy sector. Conversely, valuation-type factors have faced meaningful headwinds that have been exacerbated by rapid geopolitical changes and the threat of tariffs in several countries. This trend, however, is not indefinitely sustainable and will eventually reverse course. Investors can avoid the guess work and consequences of market timing through a core equity allocation that maintains an optimal combination of factors (momentum, sentiment, and valuation).

Exhibit 1: Global equity returns have been influenced by higher growth, momentum factors

Source: Morningstar, as of 6/30/18. Past performance is not indicative of future results. An investment cannot be made in an index. Index definitions can be found at the end of this blog post.

Strong fundamentals with productivity gains

Despite near-term volatility, corporate fundamentals within the U.S. and much of the world are generally robust. This has been evident by solid earnings growth, as well as strong sales revision trends across most sectors. Equity valuations have been supported by productivity gains from innovation and disruptive technologies, along with strength from consumers.

Tailwinds from U.S. tax reform

As the strong first quarter earnings season demonstrated, U.S. companies as a whole have received a boost from U.S. tax reform. While this has been somewhat reflected in equity valuations, we believe there is room for further upside. Most market participants do not know how the impact from tax reform will ultimately play out. What’s more, the cumulative effects can be latent and underestimated. And, while tax reform’s positive impact on consumer disposable income is irrefutable, the effects are indirect and complex to measure. In addition, consumer spending is tied to other factors, including labor market conditions.

How can investors get more from their core?

As we enter a period of quantitative tightening, we are likely to see greater differentiation among stocks, particularly as price-to-earnings (P/E) multiple expansion becomes less dominant and investors once again reward growing companies with superior fundamentals. However, most traditional investors overlook the alpha potential that can be achieved by exploiting investment opportunities among challenged companies with weaker fundamentals. Investors who focus solely on long-only opportunities, in essence, have an “opportunity cost” that ignores the greater capital appreciation or “double alpha” potential that can be achieved from short investing.

The Systematic Equity Team at MacKay Shields believes an active extension strategy with a systematic, long/short discipline is the most effective way to build portfolios that provide an attractive trade-off between risk and return. Below are a few key reasons why sophisticated investors pursue strategies with opportunistic shorting:

  • Greater flexibility – ability to fully leverage research insights.
  • Uncorrelated alpha potential – exposure to performance drivers that do not move in tandem.
  • More effective risk control – avoid market capitalization bias and undesirable exposures.
  • Increased active share – exploit interactive benefits of stocks without losing diversification.

Exhibit 2: Long and short positions provide two uncorrelated sources of return potential

Source: MacKay Shields.


Given this stage of the economic cycle, it’s not surprising to see some factors that could negatively impact the global growth trajectory. Perhaps first and foremost would be sharply rising interest rates. Should this occur, higher borrowing cost could crimp household spending and cause businesses to pull back hiring and other investment plans, especially if fiscal stimulus fades. An increase in geopolitical tensions and uncertainty over trade policy may also impact investor sentiment and result in a spike in market volatility. Careful stock selection based on a systematic framework and valuation discipline can help identify quality companies and separate the “winners” from the “losers.”

Opinions expressed are current opinions as of the date appearing in this material only. The information and opinions contained herein are for general information use only. New York Life Investments does not guarantee their accuracy or completeness, nor does New York Life Investments assume any liability for any loss that may result from the reliance by any person upon any such information or opinions. Such information and opinions are subject to change without notice, and are not intended as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase or sales of any security or as personalized investment advice. There can be no guarantee that any projection, forecast, or opinion in these materials will be realized. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

About Risk

All investments are subject to market risk, including possible loss of principal. There is no assurance that the investment objectives mentioned will be met. Diversification cannot assure a profit or protect against loss in a declining market.

Index performance is shown for illustrative purposes only and does not predict or depict the performance of the Funds. Indices are unmanaged, include the reinvestment of dividends, and cannot be purchased directly by investors. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Active investing is an investment strategy involving ongoing buying and selling actions by the investor. Active investors purchase investments and continuously monitor their activity to exploit profitable conditions. Active management typically charges higher fees. Investing in smaller companies involves special risks, including higher volatility and lower liquidity. There is no assurance that the investment objectives mentioned will be met.

Short sales involve costs and risk. If a security sold short increases in price, the Fund may have to cover its short position at a higher price than the short sale price, resulting in a loss. Because the Fund’s loss on a short sale arises from increases in the value of the security sold short, such loss is theoretically unlimited. When borrowing a security for delivery to a buyer, the Fund also may be required to pay a premium and other transaction costs, which would increase the cost of the security sold short. By investing the proceeds received from selling securities short, the Fund is employing a form of leverage, which creates special risks. The use of leverage may increase the Fund’s exposure to long equity positions and make any change in the Fund’s NAV greater than it would be without the use of leverage. This could result in increased volatility of returns.


Active Share is a measure of the percentage of stock holdings in a manager’s portfolio that differs from the benchmark index. The researchers conclude managers with high Active Share outperform their benchmark indexes and Active Share significantly predicts fund performance.

Alpha measures a fund’s risk-adjusted performance and is expressed as an annualized percentage.

MSCI ACWI (All Country World Index) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed and emerging markets.

MSCI ACWI Momentum Index is based on MSCI ACWI Index and is designed to reflect the performance of an equity momentum strategy by emphasizing stocks with high price momentum.

MSCI World Index is a free float‐adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the equity performance of 24 developed markets.

P/E Ratio (price‐to‐earnings) denotes the weighted average of all the P/Es of the securities in the fund’s portfolio.

For more information about MainStay Funds®, call 800-MAINSTAY (624-6782) for a prospectus or summary prospectus. Investors are asked to consider the investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses of the investment carefully before investing. The prospectus or summary prospectus contains this and other information about the investment company. Please read the prospectus or summary prospectus carefully before investing.

New York Life Investments engages the services of MacKay Shields LLC, an affiliated, federally registered advisor, to subadvise several mutual funds. New York Life Investments® is a registered service mark and name under which New York Life Investment Management LLC does business. New York Life Investments, an indirect subsidiary of New York Life Insurance Company, New York, NY 10010, provides investment advisory products and services. Securities are distributed by NYLIFE Distributors LLC, located at 30 Hudson Street, Jersey City, NJ 07302. NYLIFE Distributors LLC is a Member FINRA/SIPC.


Kevin Kloski, CFA, CFP®

Director, Product Management, New York Life Investments

Kevin recently worked as a Portfolio Specialist at Voya Investment Management, serving as a subject matter expert on fundamental equity strategies. Previously, as a Financial Consultant at Wells Fargo Advisors he was responsible for constructing investment portfolios

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