2018 Municipal Bond Market Insights: Mid-Year Update

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In January, the Top Five Municipal Market Insights for 2018 were released. Below is a mid-year status on each of the five themes.

1. Taxable Municipal Issuance Accelerates


We expect taxable municipal issuance could double to ~$60B annually. We believe that low rates, tight credit spreads, and demand for yield should keep taxable municipal yields low. Issuers will likely refinance their higher cost tax-exempt debt with taxable municipal bonds, overcoming the elimination of tax-exempt financed advanced refundings by the 2017 tax reform act. The increased volume of taxable municipal bonds should broaden the investor base, increase liquidity, and provide attractive yield opportunities. Individual investors in high tax states where the top marginal rate is quickly reached may also find in-state taxable municipal bonds, still exempt at the state level, to be attractive.

Portfolio in Action

While our mutual funds do not have direct impact in terms of material exposure to taxable municipal bonds, increased taxable municipal issuance leads to decreased tax-exempt municipal bond supply therefore contributing to positive technicals broadly.

In select investment mandates where taxable municipal bonds are part of the investment guidelines, MacKay Municipal Managers seeks relative value opportunities in this segment of the market.

Mid-Year Status: Pending

We believe issuers will likely refinance their higher cost tax-exempt debt with taxable municipal bonds since advance refundings in the tax-exempt market are no longer an option.

While taxable municipal bond issuance is not currently on track to double in 2018, the market has observed an increase, if annualized, of ~20%.We believe this will accelerate over time, particularly as the market observes more clarity in Washington DC, related to infrastructure spending.

2. High Yield Municipal Bonds’ Outperformance Continues


We anticipate that favorable technical and improving fundamental conditions will result in tighter high yield municipal credit spreads and outperformance relative to investment grade municipal bonds. Tax reform will likely reduce tax-exempt issuance by 30%, while individual investor and mutual fund manager demand remains strong. We believe ongoing economic expansion and increasing tax revenues, especially excise taxes, should improve coverage ratios for dedicated tax bonds. Stronger credit fundamentals should result in tighter spreads as investor comfort with high yield increases. However, 2018 implementation of the SEC’s rules governing liquidity risk for mutual funds and exchange trades funds will likely result in the underperformance of non-rated municipal debt as the rule favors frequently traded bonds with published ratings and proven price transparency.

Portfolio in Action

MacKay Municipal Managers increased exposure to credit within the investment grade portfolios that we manage to capitalize on attractive spreads and yield potential.

Based on our view that high yield municipals would outperform in 2018, MacKay Municipal Managers recommended an overweight of 70% to investment grade and 30% to high yield municipals as a starting point for the average moderate investor. This represented a constructive view on high yield municipals since an 80% investment grade/20% high yield allocation indicates the team’s neutral position.

In July, 2018, the team updated the recommended allocation to 75% investment grade/25% high yield municipals maintaining a constructive, albeit tempered, view of high yield municipals.

Mid-Year Status: On Target

Through June 30, 2018, year-to-date performance for the Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Municipal Bond Index was 3.66%, outperforming the Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index by 391 basis points, which returned -0.25% for the same period.2

3. Intermediate Municipal Bonds Underperform


Low yields, interest rate sensitivity, correlation to Treasury yields, and curve flattening will, in our opinion, result in underperformance of higher quality intermediate municipal bonds. We anticipate that higher short-term yields and diminished demand from banks and property and casualty insurance companies will lead to a flatter curve. We believe that investors who reposition away from the high grade portion of the intermediate yield curve to invest in longer, more credit sensitive municipal bonds will experience a higher level of income. This is due to the higher yield on longer maturity bonds, a better return profile due to credit spread tightening and improved liquidity from owning bonds in a more favored portion of the market.

Portfolio in Action

For some time, MacKay Municipal Managers has largely avoided the intermediate, high-grade segment of the market within maturity ranges of 3 to 8 years. Instead, the team has actively managed an overweight position within longer, more credit sensitive municipal bonds as we seek a more compelling return profile for clients.

That said, in cases where the yield curve flattens and credit spreads tighten, the team may gravitate down the curve and increase credit quality if we are no longer being compensated for this positioning.

Mid-Year Status: On Target

On a year-to-date basis through 6/29/2018, the intermediate segment of the municipal market has underperformed an actively managed investment grade portfolio, taking a barbelled approach with a focus on credit-oriented bonds.

For example, and on a year-to-date basis through 6/29/2018, the MainStay MacKay Tax Free Bond Fund (MTBIX) has returned 0.73%3, while the Bloomberg Barclays 5-10 Year Index has returned -0.36% during the same period.4 The Fund’s benchmark, the Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index, has returned -0.25%.5

4. Tax-Exempt Municipal/Treasury Ratios Hit 20-Year Lows


We expect that Municipal/Treasury yield ratios will decline due to supply/demand technicals and improving fundamental conditions. As a result, we anticipate that tax-exempt municipal bonds will outperform Treasury bonds and other high-quality taxable bonds. We look to the 2017 tax law changes to increase demand for income exempt at both the federal and state levels and reduce tax-exempt supply. In high tax states, the relative outperformance of tax-exempt bonds will be particularly impactful.

Portfolio in Action

Within MacKay Municipal Managers’ investment process, the team seeks exposure on segments of the yield curve where the most compelling value is observed. This includes an assessment of municipal/Treasury ratios across the yield curve. With this in mind, the team has largely avoided the intermediate segment of the curve, while taking a “barbelled’ approach combining longer dated with maturities with primarily 1 to 3 year maturity bonds. This positioning could change periodically since it is driven by where we believe we can capture value at the time.

Mid-Year Status: Pending

In early 2018, projections of low supply and high demand materialized, although rising rates caused 10 and 30-Year Municipal/Treasury yield ratios to rise as of 6/29/2018. At the same time, 5-Year ratios have declined thus far in 2018.

MacKay Municipal Managers believes a decline in Municipal/Treasury yield ratios will accelerate in the second half of 2018.

Yield Ratios – 5, 10, and 30 Year:

  • As of 1/1/2018: 76%, 82%, and 93%, respectively.6
  • As of 6/29/2018: 73% , 86%, and 98%, respectively.6

5. Tax-Exempt Market Liquidity Declines


We believe that liquidity will decline and volatility will rise. Lower corporate tax rates will reduce the profitability of trading tax-exempt debt for broker-dealers, leading to a reduction in trading capital committed to the municipal market. As a result, they will likely redeploy capital into the taxable markets to generate trading profits. For capital still committed to the municipal market, we expect broker-dealers to prefer rated, liquid names as the capital cost of positioning non-rated paper will be prohibitive.

As a result, non-rated bonds will trade primarily on an agency basis, where the broker will only transact with the seller and buyer simultaneously. We believe this will further reduce their liquidity and, most likely, value.

Portfolio in Action

In a municipal market where bank and broker dealer committed capital and liquidity has declined since 2008, MacKay Municipal Managers believes liquidity management is an integral part of a prudent investment process. When managing “daily access” mutual funds, the team seeks to maintain liquidity on a “local level”, by maintaining some cash, avoiding leverage, and carrying modest levels of non-rated bonds relative to many peers managing high yield municipal portfolios.

This positions the team well to effectively navigate and potentially capitalize, particularly during steeper municipal market sell-offs and recoveries.

Mid-Year Status: On Target

In light of lower corporate tax rates, banks and property and casualty insurance companies scaled back municipal purchases and were also net sellers in the first half of the year. As referenced in Insight 3, the intermediate maturity segment of the municipal market has underperformed, due to this lack of buying from a consistent liquidity provider. Large broker dealers remain active in the secondary market; however, this activity has been heavily tied to recent underwritings while smaller regional broker dealer’s activity in the secondary market has dropped significantly, also detracting from market liquidity.

1. J.P. Morgan

2. Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index and Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Municipal Bond Index, as of June, 2018

3. Morningstar – Performance as of 6/29/18. Returns represent past performance which is no guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher. Investment return and principal value will fluctuate, and shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Performance reflects a contractual fee waiver and/or expense limitation agreement in effect through 2/28/19, without which total returns may have been lower. This agreement renews automatically for one-year terms unless written notice is provided prior to the start of the next term or upon approval of the Board. Visit nylinvestments.com/funds for the most recent month-end performance. For standardized Fund performance, click here or the hyperlinked Fund name.

4. Bloomberg Barclays Municipal 5-10 Year Index

5. Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond Index

6. MMD: Thomson Reuters as of January 1, 2018 and June 29, 2018


Active management is the use of a human element, such as a single manager, co-managers or a team of managers, to actively manage a fund’s portfolio. Active management strategies typically have higher fees then passive management.

Advanced refunding enables an issuer to “refinance” and obtain the benefit of lower interest rates when their outstanding bonds that offer higher interest rates have not reached their callable date.

Before You Invest

Mutual funds are subject to market risk and will fluctuate in value.

A portion of a municipal fund’s income may be subject to state and local taxes or the Alternative Minimum Tax. Funds that invest in bonds are subject to interest-rate risk and can lose principal value when interest rates rise. Bonds are also subject to credit risk, in which the bond issuer may fail to pay interest and principal in a timely manner. High-yield securities (commonly referred to as “junk bonds”) are generally considered speculative because they present a greater risk of loss than higher-quality debt securities and may be subject to greater price volatility. High-yield municipal bonds may be subject to increased liquidity risk, as compared to other high-yield debt securities. Municipal securities risks include the ability of the issuer to repay the obligation, the relative lack of information about certain issuers, and the possibility of future tax and legislative changes, which could affect the market for and value of municipal securities. Such uncertainties could cause increased volatility in the municipal securities market and could negatively impact the Fund’s net asset value and/or the distributions paid by the Fund. Securities purchased by the Fund that are liquid at the time of purchase may subsequently become illiquid, due to events relating to the issuer of the securities, market
events, economic conditions, or investor perceptions.

Credit ratings: Standard & Poor’s rates borrowers on a scale from AAA to D. AAA through BBB represent investment grade, while BB through D represent non-investment grade.

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

For more information about MainStay Funds®, call 800-624-6782 for a prospectus or summary prospectus. Investors are asked to consider the investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses of the investment carefully before investing. The prospectus or summary prospectus contains this and other information about the investment company. Please read the prospectus or summary prospectus carefully before investing.

This material contains the opinions of the MacKay Municipal Managers’™ team of MacKay Shields LLC, but not necessarily those of MacKay Shields LLC. The opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice. This material is distributed for informational purposes only, and is not intended to constitute the giving of advice or the making of a recommendation. The investments or strategies presented are not appropriate for every investor and do not take into account the investment objectives or financial needs of particular investors. An investor should review with its financial advisors the terms and conditions and risks involved with specific products or services and consider this information in the context of its personal risk tolerance and investment goals. Forecasts, estimates, and certain information contained herein are based upon proprietary research and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation of any particular security, strategy, or investment product. Any forward looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and MacKay Shields LLC assumes no duty and does not undertake to update forward looking statements. Information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but not guaranteed. Historical evidence does not guarantee future results. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission of MacKay Shields LLC.

New York Life Investments engages the services of MacKay Shields LLC, an affiliated, federally registered advisor, to subadvise several Funds. New York Life Investments is a service mark and name under which New York Life Investment Management LLC does business. New York Life Investments, an indirect subsidiary of New York Life Insurance Company, New York, NY 10010, provides investment advisory products and services.

The MainStay Funds® are managed by New York Life Investment Management LLC and distributed by NYLIFE Distributors LLC, 30 Hudson Street, Jersey City, NJ 07302, a wholly owned subsidiary of New York Life Insurance Company. NYLIFE Distributors LLC is a Member FINRA/SIPC.



MacKay Municipal Managers

MacKay Municipal Managers™ team of MacKay Shields is co-headed by John Loffredo and Robert DiMella. John and Robert previously headed the largest municipal asset management group at Merrill Lynch Investment Managers/BlackRock. John and Robert have experience managing municipal assets across institutional separate accounts, open-end and closed-end funds

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